Auschwitz II was established a few kilometers from the main camp

Auschwitz II was established a few kilometers from the main camp, in the place of a small village called the Polish Brzezinka,
in German – Birkenau. Prisoners here were much more than in the main camp (sometimes up to 100 thousand). A total of 880,000 people passed through Auschwitz-Birkenau, 98% of them were Jews.

Auschwitz in terrible numbers and horrific facts (16 photos)

4 crematoria

In March-July 1943 in Birkenau, 4 crematorial complexes (with built-in gas chambers) were built. Inside,
four mini-camps were created , which by May 1944 were connected by railroads. One of them in the camp jargon called “Mexico City” – the arrivals were immediately sent to the gas chambers disguised as showers.

Auschwitz in terrible numbers and horrific facts (16 photos)

14,000 people

In the spring and summer of 1944, three to four trains arrived daily at Auschwitz-Birkenau, bringing in 3 to 3.5 thousand people. Approximately a tenth was selected for “work”, the rest immediately sent to gas chambers.

Auschwitz in terrible numbers and horrific facts (16 photos)

234 000 children

Of the 1 million 300 thousand prisoners of Auschwitz, children and adolescents under the age of 18 amounted to about 234,000. Of these, 220,000 Jewish children, 11,000 Gypsies; several thousand Belarusian, Ukrainian, Russian, Polish.
Most Jewish children were destroyed immediately after their arrival. In September 1944, 12,300 children from Kaunas were sent to gas chambers.
In early October 1944, there were 2,510 boys and girls in Auschwitz. On January 10th, there were 611 left.

Auschwitz in terrible numbers and horrific facts (16 photos)

6,000 SSs of

Auschwitz were guarded by about 6,000 SSs. Their personal data are preserved. Three quarters had a complete secondary education. 5% – graduates of universities with a scientific degree. Almost 4/5 denoted themselves as believers. Catholics – 42.4%; Protestants – 36.5%. Every 10 of them was a woman.

Auschwitz in terrible numbers and horrific facts (16 photos)

90×90 centimeters

In the camp of Auschwitz I there were blocks that served for various purposes. In the block number 11, punishments were made for the violators of the rules of the camp. Four people were placed in cells measuring 90×90 cm. More stringent measures meant slow killings: those guilty were either put in a sealed cell, where they died from lack of oxygen, or starved to death. Between blocks 10 and 11 was a torture yard, where prisoners were tortured and shot. The wall, which was shot, was reconstructed after the war.

Auschwitz in terrible numbers and horrific facts (16 photos)

6-12 hours

When in the summer of 1944 crematoria IV and V in Birkenau did not cope with the destruction of the bodies of the dead in the gas chambers, the bodies of the dead were burned in the ditches behind the crematorium V. The civilians of Jewish nationality delivered to Birkenau from European countries were so numerous that the doomed sometimes waited for 6-12 hours in a forest grove between crematorium III and crematoria IV, V of their turn to be destroyed in gas chambers.

Auschwitz in terrible numbers and horrific facts (16 photos)

1 185 345 suits

When on January 27, 1945 Soviet soldiers occupied Auschwitz, they found there about 7,500 prisoners who were not taken away, and in partially survived barracks-warehouses – 1,185,345 men’s and ladies’ suits, 43,255 pairs of men and women’s shoes, 13 694 carpets, a huge number of toothbrushes and shaving brushes, as well as other small household items.

Auschwitz in terrible numbers and horrific facts (16 photos)

450 000 Jews in the

Spring – in the autumn of 1944. After the occupation of Hungary by the Nazis, 450,000 Hungarian Jews were deported to Auschwitz. They were driven to destruction for hundreds of kilometers. This was also the case after the opening of the second front, when the Nazis were experiencing an acute shortage of wagons for the transportation of the wounded and ammunition.

Auschwitz in terrible numbers and horrific facts (16 photos)

58 000 evacuees

In the second half of January 1945, The Nazis evacuated 58,000 able-bodied prisoners from Auschwitz to the heart of Germany. They were driven hundreds of miles away. Thousands of prisoners died or were shot by guards. In the camp there were only about 7,000 weak and sick prisoners of Auschwitz from more than 20 countries. More than 700 of them were shot by the guards just before the liberation.

Auschwitz in terrible numbers and horrific facts (16 photos)

231 soldiers

In the liberation of Auschwitz, 4 divisions of the 60th Army of the 1st Ukrainian Front participated. 231 Soviet soldiers and officers died in battle for the camp and its branches. Among them – the commander of the 472th Regiment Lieutenant Colonel Semyon L. Besprozvanny (pictured). 66 soldiers, including Lieutenant Colonel Gilmudin Baraevich Bashirov, died directly in the battle for the camp.

Auschwitz in terrible numbers and horrific facts (16 photos)

4 500 prisoners

More than 4,500 prisoners received medical care in the first hours and days of freedom. One of them is the German Jew Otto Frank, the father of the famous Anne Frank.
Patients were rescued by physicians who had experience of treatment for dystrophy in besieged Leningrad.

Auschwitz in terrible numbers and horrific facts (16 photos)

3,000 twins

Josef Mengele from May 1943 to January 1945 was the chief doctor of Auschwitz, where he conducted inhuman experiments on prisoners. One of Mengele’s tasks was “to increase the fertility of Aryan women.”
The twins aroused the special interest of “Doctor Death”: three thousand twins found in Auschwitz were subjected to experiments. Brothers and sisters were poured blood and transplanted organs from each other.
Less than 200 people survived Dr. Mengele’s experiments.

Auschwitz in terrible numbers and horrific facts (16 photos)

2 000 tons of hair

So much hair was found in the textile factory Schaeffler after the war. They were shaved off from the prisoners of Auschwitz before they were sent to gas chambers. It was the hair of the prisoners that served as the material for the fabric, from which they subsequently sewed rough working clothes.

Auschwitz in terrible numbers and horrific facts (16 photos)

300 grams of bread The

daily ration of food of the prisoner consisted of 300 grams of bread, 0.5 liters of black coffee and 1 liter of ricotta soup, several grams of sausage and margarine. All this amounted to 1300-1700 calories, whereas for a person employed at work of average difficulty, at least 3,600 calories are needed. Staying in the camp for 3-6 months led many prisoners to complete physical exhaustion and mental degradation. The special
forensic commission, which investigated after the liberation of the camp of 2,819 rescued former prisoners, concluded that 2,189 of them became ill due to malnutrition, and 233 – had pulmonary tuberculosis.