Healthy eating for babies and children -An information Pack by Bethany Beers In this information pack you will find information about healthy eating and nutrition

Healthy eating for babies and children
-An information Pack by
Bethany Beers
In this information pack you will find information about healthy eating and nutrition. This will also contain suggestions of healthy meals that children enjoy, this will also appeal to any children with dietary needs. This will also inform you how to introduce weaning and what the different stages are.
3.2 Government guidance on the nutritional needs of babies before they are weaned
When breast feeding it is not necessary to provide them with additional nutritional foods however, it is advised. Before you start the weaning stage, you are highly advised by the government to introduce more solid foods in extremely small amounts to help ease the child into the weaning stage slowly. For example, you could begin to give them fruit purees which are very high in essential vitamins and minerals, and is also part of our five a day. Weaning is introducing small amounts of solid foods that are an alternative to breast milk, therefore the government guidelines advise you to slowly and gradually ease you infant into solid foods before the weaning stage begins, for example you could introduce one or two mouthfuls of fruit puree or yogurt as it contains high amount of calcium and is a good source of protein.
The government guidelines do not only advice how to begin bottle feeding they inform you how to sterilise your bottles and how to keep them clean and free from bacteria. The government also inform you that your infant should be introduced to infant formula milk which comes in two forms: powdered formula milk which is not sterile and ready-to-feed infant milk which can come in cartons or small bottles which is sterile. It is advised that you keep your infant on the same form of formula milk until you introduce whole cows milk or an alternative if the child has dietary needs. You are encouraged to start introducing whole cow’s milk when the child turns one, this is due to the high amount of calcium which helps strengthen the infant’s bones and help the growth of the child. You should not use any other type of formula milk unless advised by a professional such as your midwife or GP.

3.3 How to plan a weaning programme
A weaning programme consists of steps that will slowly ease your infant into solid foods that have a higher and better nutritional value. For example, a common first step is: starting with single veggies, this could be simple for example a vegetable puree or you could introduce less sweet vegetable such as broccoli, cauliflower and peas, this could be introduced in their food, for example cutting up broccoli and cauliflower in to small pieces and mixing into their food, this will help give them the correct vitamins and minerals they need in higher quantities than before the child started weaning. This also includes introducing varieties of fruit and veg in different forms such as steaming veg rather than boiling it as it helps the food hold more of the vitamins that are needed, but it is very important to maintain giving the infant food that they enjoy as well as introducing new foods that they can try, but you need to keep in mind that it can take between 8-10 times trying the food before developing any likes and dislikes within the new food, so you must persist. Another extremely important stage of weaning is introducing meat, fish and carbohydrates, these are very important as they have essential nutritional values that the infant needs such as: High Biological Value protein which has a high amount of amino acids within the product which help with growth and repair which is essential to babies and children. It is also very important that small amounts of fish are introduced due to the high amount of protein and omega 3, which helps with growth and repair as well as preventing health problems in the future such as high blood pressure and cholesterol, fish is also rich in calcium as well as vitamins and minerals such as iron, zinc, iodine, potassium and many more. It is very important to introduce appropriate quantities of carbohydrates as this is a starchy food group which is very filling but also provide a slow release of energy, these carbohydrates are also very important for the growth of the child. These stages are how to introduce weaning however they need to be introduced slowly and gradually and in correct quantities as this is a massive change in diet for the infant.

3.4 The nutritional requirements of children aged one to seven years
When you have finished explaining the requirements regarding dietary fibre, vitamins/minerals, nutritional snacks, foods that contain fat and sugar and drinks – don’t forget to include an example day’s menu
1628775332739The five main food groups are fruit and veg, meat, fish, eggs and beans, foods and drinks containing high amounts fat and sugar, milk and dairy, bread, rice, potatoes and pasta. These food groups have very different nutritional values that are extremely important to help the growth and development of young children and babies.
Fruit and Veg – they provide us with the vitamins and minerals that we need, as well as being part of our 5-a-day.
Meat, Fish, Eggs and beans – These foods are all different forms of protein which help us with growth and repair.
Milk and Dairy – This food category is an extremely important food group specially to help the growth and development of children as they contain high amounts of calcium which strengthen our teeth and bones as well as containing small amounts pf protein which help us with growth and repair. These are very important as young children need the correct nutrition
Bread, Rice, Potatoes and Pasta – This food group is carbohydrates they provide you with a slow release of energy. Carbohydrates are separated into two categories, starch and sugar which are stored in your muscles and fat tissues. 00The five main food groups are fruit and veg, meat, fish, eggs and beans, foods and drinks containing high amounts fat and sugar, milk and dairy, bread, rice, potatoes and pasta. These food groups have very different nutritional values that are extremely important to help the growth and development of young children and babies.
Fruit and Veg – they provide us with the vitamins and minerals that we need, as well as being part of our 5-a-day.
Meat, Fish, Eggs and beans – These foods are all different forms of protein which help us with growth and repair.
Milk and Dairy – This food category is an extremely important food group specially to help the growth and development of children as they contain high amounts of calcium which strengthen our teeth and bones as well as containing small amounts pf protein which help us with growth and repair. These are very important as young children need the correct nutrition
Bread, Rice, Potatoes and Pasta – This food group is carbohydrates they provide you with a slow release of energy. Carbohydrates are separated into two categories, starch and sugar which are stored in your muscles and fat tissues. 3.1 Explain the nutritional value of the main food groups.