Homework #2 CJFS 3712 Research, Student Name: _Brooke Hassen_____
Due August 31, 2018 via BlackBoard, 30 points possible
Directions: Paraphrase any 10 of the 22 ethics specified below by the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences (ACJS). When you paraphrase, you must use your own words to stand for the original while conveying the same meaning. Again, NONE OF YOUR WORDS CAN BE THE SAME as the original from which you are paraphrasing. As you paraphrase, keep your writing as short (almost as if you were texting without emojis and abbreviations though) and simple (5th grade reading level) as can be while reflecting the intent of the respective ethic. Write each of your 10 paraphrases in italics directly underneath its original ethic. Your work can not be the same as any other student in class.
Source: http://www.acjs.org/page/Code_Of_Ethics retrieved January 11, 2018
Members of the Academy should adhere to the highest possible technical standards in their research.
The Academy members should provide their best work within their limits.
Since individual members of the Academy vary in their research modes, skills, and experience, they should acknowledge the limitations that may affect the validity of their findings.
The research may differ depending on which member of the Academy conducted it, therefore the results could vary.
In presenting their work, members of the Academy are obliged to fully report their findings. They should not misrepresent the findings of their research or omit significant data. Any and all omitted data should be noted and the reason(s) for exclusion stated clearly as part of the methodology. Details of their theories, methods, and research designs that might bear upon interpretations of research findings should be reported.
When showing their work, the Academy members must disclose all information. They cannot submit false data. Any data disregarded should be explained why it has been thrown out. Features that could be seen as explanations of the research should be described.
Members of the Academy should fully report all sources of financial support and other sponsorship of the research.
Members of the Academy should give credit to all sources that helped with the research.
Members of the Academy should not make any commitments to respondents, individuals, groups or organizations unless there is full intention and ability to honor them.
The members of the Academy should not make promises unless they are positive they can fulfill them.
Consistent with the spirit of full disclosure of method and analysis, members of the Academy, after they have completed their own analyses, should cooperate in efforts to make raw data and pertinent documentation available to other social scientists, at reasonable costs, except in cases where confidentiality, the client’s rights to proprietary information and privacy, or the claims of a field worker to the privacy of personal notes necessarily would be violated. The timeliness of this cooperation is especially critical.
Members of the Academy should provide adequate info, documentation, ; citations concerning scales ; other measures used in their research.
The members of the Academy need to show proof and data of their research.
Members of the Academy should not accept grants, contracts or research assignments that appear likely to violate the principles enunciated in this Code, and should disassociate themselves from research when they discover a violation and are unable to correct it.
Academy members should not accept anything to go against the rules, and should withdraw from research that goes against the rules that cannot be fixed.
When financial support for a project has been accepted, members of the Academy should make every reasonable effort to complete the proposed work on schedule.
The Academy members must make every effort to complete work on time when they are receiving financial help.
When a member of the Academy is involved in a project with others, including students, there should be mutually accepted explicit agreements at the outset with respect to division of work, compensation, access to data, rights of authorship, and other rights and responsibilities. These agreements should not be exploitative or arrived at through any form of coercion or intimidation. Such agreements may need to be modified as the project evolves and such modifications should be clearly stated among all participants. Students should normally be the principle author of any work that is derived directly from their thesis or dissertation.
Members of the Academy have the right to disseminate research findings, except those likely to cause harm to clients, collaborators and participants, those which violate formal or implied promises of confidentially, or those which are proprietary under a formal or informal agreement.
Members of the Academy should not misuse their positions as professionals for fraudulent purposes or as a pretext for gathering information for any individual, group, organization or government.
Human subjects have the right to full disclosure of the purposes of the research as early as it is appropriate to the research process, and they have the right to an opportunity to have their questions answered about the purpose and usage of the research. Members should inform research participants about aspects of the research that might affect their willingness to participate, such as physical risks, discomfort, and/or unpleasant emotional experiences.
Subjects of research are entitled to rights of personal confidentiality unless they are waived.
Research subjects hold their rights to privacy unless motioned otherwise.
Information about subjects obtained from records that are open to public scrutiny cannot be protected by guarantees of privacy or confidentiality.
Information found in public records cannot be protected of privacy or confidentiality.
The process of conducting criminal justice research must not expose respondents to more than minimal risk of personal harm, and members of the Academy should make every effort to ensure the safety and security of respondents and project staff. Informed consent should be obtained when the risks of research are greater than the risks of everyday life.
Members of the Academy should take culturally appropriate steps to secure informed consent and to avoid invasions of privacy. In addition, special actions will be necessary where the individuals studied are illiterate, under correctional supervision, minors, have low social status, are under judicial supervision, have diminished capacity, are unfamiliar with social research or otherwise occupy a position of unequal power with the researcher.
Members of the Academy should seek to anticipate potential threats to confidentiality. Techniques such as the removal of direct identifiers, the use of randomized responses, and other statistical solutions to problems of privacy should be used where appropriate. Care should be taken to ensure secure storage, maintenance, and/or destruction of sensitive records.
Confidential information provided by research participants should be treated as such by members of the Academy, even when this information enjoys no legal protection or privilege and legal force is applied. The obligation to respect confidentiality also applies to members of research organizations (interviewers, coders, clerical staff, etc.) who have access to the information. It is the responsibility of administrators and chief investigators to instruct staff members on this point and to make every effort to insure that access to confidential information is restricted.
While generally adhering to the norm of acknowledging the contributions of all collaborators, members of the Academy should be sensitive to harm that may arise from disclosure and respect a collaborator’s need for anonymity.
All research should meet the human subjects requirements imposed by educational institutions and funding sources. Study design and information gathering techniques should conform to regulations protecting the rights of human subjects, regardless of funding.
Members of the Academy should comply with appropriate federal and institutional requirements pertaining to the conduct of their research. These requirements might include, but are not necessarily limited to, obtaining proper review and approval for research that involves human subjects and accommodating recommendations made by responsible committees concerning research subjects, materials, and procedures.