Martin Luther Martin Luther by Cranach-restoration

Martin Luther
Martin Luther by Cranach-restoration.tif
Martin Luther (1529) by Lucas Cranach the Elder
Born 10 November 1483
Eisleben, County of Mansfeld in the Holy Roman Empire
Died 18 February 1546 (aged 62)
Eisleben, County of Mansfeld in the Holy Roman Empire
Education University of Erfurt
Occupation
FriarPriestTheologianProfessor
Notable work
Ninety-five Theses
Luther’s Large Catechism
Luther’s Small Catechism
On the Freedom of a Christian
On the Bondage of the Will
Spouse(s) Katharina von Bora
Children
Hans (Johannes)ElisabethMagdalenaMartinPaulMargarethe
Theological work
Era Reformation
Tradition or movement Lutheranism
Signature
Martin Luther Signature.svg
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Martin Luther, O.S.A. (/?lu???r/;1 German: ?ma??ti?n ?l?t?; 10 November 14832 – 18 February 1546) was a German professor of theology, composer, priest, monk,3 and a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation.

Luther came to reject several teachings and practices of the Roman Catholic Church. He strongly disputed the Catholic view on indulgences. Luther proposed an academic discussion of the practice and efficacy of indulgences in his Ninety-five Theses of 1517. His refusal to renounce all of his writings at the demand of Pope Leo X in 1520 and the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V at the Diet of Worms in 1521 resulted in his excommunication by the Pope and condemnation as an outlaw by the Holy Roman Emperor.

Luther taught that salvation and, consequently, eternal life are not earned by good deeds but are received only as the free gift of God’s grace th