Substantial objections remain

Substantial objections remain, however. First there is the problem of paternalism, implicit in the sort of hate speech law that perfectionism lite supports. For instance, in declaring that the public needs to undergo education and consciousness-raising campaigns to help eliminate hate speech, Japan’s hate speech law appears to judge citizens incapable by themselves of conducting their lives in a morally upright fashion, instead assuming that they need to be educated to do the right thing. Liberal critics of perfectionism argue that such judgements are unacceptable, since they deny to citizens what Jonathan Quong has described as “their moral status as free and equal citizens.”