The role is not limited only to development of new roads but also in creating awareness to community to highly involve in these development projects despite the participation and their commitments vary from district to district. The URRAP carried out in the GTP I creates employment opportunity for the number of contractors, consultants those organized as Small and Medium construction enterprises(SME) in the region and thousands of individuals involved in different construction activities like building ford, culvert, bridge etc.
However, even great achievements have been recorded in GTP I in development and construction of the roads in URRAP, the performance of this critical project have been affected by a number of factors. Therefore, this study will focus on Factors that Influence the Project Performance of URRAP of Borana Zone Roads authority Office.
1.2. Statement of the problem
Issues regarding rural roads accessibility in Sub Saharan Africa remain a challenge towards poverty reduction and achievement of sustainable development despite their importance towards economic development. Rural roads are of vital importance in order to bring development of areas they serve and make a nation grow and develop. Road networks form vital links between production centers and markets. In addition its multiple function of providing access to employment, social, health and education services makes road network crucial in fighting against poverty by opening up more areas and stimulating economic and social development (Bernard, 2014).
Over the last decade, in order to improve the overall performance of road construction the Ethiopian Road Authority has been working significantly on the road network expansion but still there is a big gap for improvement to reach the current average road density per square kilometer of lower middle-income countries (ERA, 2009).
The issue of accessibility and density is a big challenge particularly to rural Ethiopia where 85% of the communities reside and almost all agricultural products come from. In response to this need the government at federal and regional level planned URRAP that set out to connect all Kebele by roads of a standard that provides all-weather, year round access, meets the needs of the rural communities, are affordable and maintainable. The program recognizes the challenges faced by isolated communities and their constraints in trying to take part in our economic growth. The program provides a response to the voice of the rural poor who demand and have a basic right to access to transport, social and other services (ibid).
During the past years many achievements have been made in implementing the programme thousands of kilometers of roads constructed across the country, many rural kebele become accessible and connected, the community start to use different means of transportation. However, even there is great success; the performance of the programme is not free of limitation. Therefore, this study focuses its attention on these limitations to identify the Factors that Affecting the Project Performance of URRAP in Borana Zone.
Although various studies have largely identified several factors that may be associated with project success, relatively less coverage has been given to project failures, particularly from the point of view of the URRAP. This study attempts to fill this gap by developing a framework for identifying and classifying the factors that influences project performance of URRAP in Borana Zone from the perspectives of Availability of Financial Funds, Contractor competencies, Consultant commitments, and Management practices.
1.3. Basic research questions
1. How availability of Financial funding is influence project performance of URRAP
of Borana Zone Roads Authority office?
2. What are the factors of contractor competencies that were influence the project
performance of URRAP of Borana Zone Roads Authority office?
3. What are the factors of consultant commitments that were influence the project performance of URRAP of Borana Zone Roads Authority office?
4. What are the Management practices that were affect project performance of
Booranaa Zone Roads Authority Office?
1.4. Objectives of the Study
1.4.1. General Objective
The main purpose of the study is to examine the Factors Influencing Project Performance of Universal Rural Roads Access Program of Borana Zone Roads Authority office.
1.4.2 Specific Objectives
This study was specifically giving emphasis:
1. To determine the influence of financial funds on project performance of URRAP
of Borana Zone Roads Authority office.
2. To assess contractor competencies that are influence project performance of URRAP Borana Zone Roads Authority office.
3. To describe commitments of consultant that is influence the project performance of URRAP of Borana Zone Roads Authority office.
4. To analyze the management practices that is influence project performance of URRAP of Borana Zone roads Authority office.
H1: There is a significant impact of financial factors on project performance of URRAP.
H2: There is a significant impact of SME contractors on project performance of URRAP.
H3? There is a significant impact of SME consultants on project performance of URRAP.
H4: There is a significant impact of Management practices on project performance of URRAP.