“Philippine Traditional Architecture: Impact Perceived By The Department of Architecture of Saint Louis University SY 2017-2018”
Architecture in the Philippines today is the result of a natural growth enriched with the absorption of varied influences. It developed from the pre-colonial influences of our neighboring Malay brothers, continuing on to the Spanish colonial period, the American Commonwealth period, and the modern contemporary times. As a result, the Philippines has become an architectural melting pot– uniquely Filipino with a tinge of the occidental. (Noche, M., 2015).
Philippine architecture, both product and profession, faces the danger of deterioration of quality and depth wrought by the economic events of the last two years and the continuing lack of intellectual discourse related to pedagogy and practice. (Alcazaren, P., 2003). In a Special Evaluation Study titled ADB’s Response to Natural Disasters and Disaster Risks, 50.3% of the country’s land area is economically at risk from multiple hazards such as floods, typhoon, and earthquakes. (Asian Development Bank, 2012). Houses rooted to the ground increase susceptibility to floods, bolder modern forms increase susceptibility to lateral loads, flat / low-sloped roofs not adapted to the Philippine climate disregarding the simple application passive cooling technique.
The ‘bahay kubo’ was the original sustainable house. In its form, it already embodies all the design principles we think of as ‘green.’ It is made of low-cost, readily available indigenous materials and it is designed for our tropical climate. (Manosa, A., ND). These same design elements evolved into the ‘bahay na bato’ during the Spanish colonial period.
In the past years the application of traditional style of architecture derived in various influences. Passive cooling through natural ventilation, natural lighting and the use of indigenous materials. Emphasizing on sustainability and environmentally-responsible construction practices. Currently building technology and sustainable design are considered as fundamental to the growing field of contemporary architecture.
The aim of the study is to give an impact to the younger generation and shed light to the intricate features of traditional houses. The study intends to provide a cultural appreciation of Philippine traditional architecture, maintaining the dignity of its effectiveness in the consequent generation. Allows one to understand the relationship of the buildings establish with the site by corresponding to local and environmental conditions.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The aim of the study is to preserve and recognize the importance of Philippine Traditional Architecture by knowing its effectiveness perceived by the architecture department of Saint Louis University SY 2017-2018.